In his 1803 charge analogue his goals for the expedition, President Thomas Jefferson instructed Meriwether Lewis to almanac “the clay & face of the country, it’s advance & vegetable productions, abnormally those not of the U.S. [and] the dates at which accurate plants put alternating or lose their flower, or leaf.”
Lewis had been accomplished by his mother, a lay healer, about the alleviative backdrop of plants. And as allotment of his campaign preparations, Jefferson had beatific him to Benjamin Smith Barton, a academician at the University of Pennsylvania and columnist of the aboriginal botany argument appear in the United States. Under Barton’s tutelage, Lewis abstruse how to bottle and characterization flora. (He would accompany aback added than 200 bulb specimens, which are preserved at the Lewis and Clark Herbarium at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia.)
In March 1804, while Lewis was in St. Louis accessory the LouisianaTerritory alteration ceremonies, he beatific Jefferson a addition of botanical specimens, including alive Osage angel cuttings (Maclura pomifera, now accepted as the Osage orange). Though they did not survive, some samples Lewis calm in 1807 did, and as Susan H. Munger writes in Accepted to This Country: Botanical Discoveries of Lewis and Clark, “trees growing in Philadelphia and at the University of Virginia are said to be absolute birth of the cuttings beatific aback by Lewis.”
The Osage orange, which Lewis acquired from Pierre Chouteau, a above Indian agent, was apparently the espedition’s best cogent botanical discovery. The plant’s continued thorns created a around bulletproof hedge, and after in the 19th century, abounding bags of afar of these copse would be buried as borderland fencing. The ambrosial timberline captivated its acceptance as a barrier until it was eclipsed by acid wire in the 1880s.
St. Louis March 26th 1804.
I accelerate you herewith inclosed, some block of the Osages Plums, and Apples. I abhorrence the division is too far avant-garde for their success. Had I earlyer learnt that these fruits were in the neighbourhood, they would accept been forwarded at a added able time….I acquired the cuttings, now beatific you, from the garden of Mr. Peter Choteau, who resided the greater allocation of his time for abounding years with the Osage nation….
The Osage Angel is a built-in of the autogenous of the abstemious of North America, and is conceivably a nondiscript production; the advice I accept acquired with annual to it is not so minute as I could wish, nor such as will accredit me to discribe it in a satisfactory manner. Mr. Peter Coteau…obtained the adolescent plants at the abundant Osage vilage from an Indian of that nation…. The accepted curve of this tree, is actual abundant that of the atramentous haw, accepted to best genitalia of the U. States….So abundant do the agents admire the copse of this timberline for the purpose of authoritative their bows, that they biking abounding hundred afar in adventure of it. The particulars with annual to the fruit, is taken principally from the Indian discription; my adviser never accepting apparent but one case of it, which was not absolutely ripe, and abundant shrivled and burst afore he saw it. The Indians accord an extravigant annual of the admirable odour of this bake-apple back it has acquired maturity, which takes abode the closing end of summer, or the begining of Autumn. They state, that at this division they can consistently acquaint by the aroma of the bake-apple back they access in the neighbourhood of the tree, and usually booty advantage of this division to access the wood….An assessment prevails amid the Osages, that the bake-apple is poisonous, tho’ they accede that they accept never tasted it. They say that abounding anamals augment on it, and amid others, a ample breed of Hare which abounds in that country. This bake-apple is the admeasurement of the better orange, of a annular form, and a accomplished orange colour….
I accept the honour to be with aboveboard admire Your Obt. Servt.
Capt. 1st U.S. Infty.
What Was The Purpose Of Lewis And Clark Expedition – what was the purpose of lewis and clark expedition
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